Police monitor domestic violence on the Upper East Side

“I’m scared,” she said. “I’m obviously mum. You walk down the street and you get shot.

On Thursday morning, a short walk from where Ms Johnson was killed, Julio Cruz discovered that police were towing his car. He said officers told him a bullet from the shooting may still be inside the vehicle and they should search it.

“The time they need is the time they need,” said Mr. Cruz, 62. “I hope they find something on this case.”

A single police car guarded the small, cordoned-off scene, which sat next to a playground and a patch of green hillside. A trail of dark red blood was visible on the sidewalk.

After rising earlier in the pandemic, shooting rates in New York have begun to decline, but they remain above their pre-pandemic levels. As of Sunday, there had been 624 shootings in the city this year, down from 710 at the same time in 2021. That’s down 12%, but still about 28% more than the same time in 2019.

Even amid recent declines, the persistence of gun violence — especially in poor, working-class neighborhoods with large black and Latino populations — has increased pressure on Mr. Adams to act.

Rates of domestic violence in the city have also increased since the start of the pandemic. The figures follow a worrying national trend, when the early days of Covid forced people to stay home, a phenomenon that some experts say made it harder for women to report or escape abusers.

In 2019, the police department recorded 87,512 reports of domestic violence; in 2021, there were 89,032. In the 19th arrondissement, where the murder took place, the rates fell slightly over the same period, by around 3%. In New York, the impact of domestic violence has historically fallen disproportionately on black and Hispanic residents.

Emma G. FitzsimmonsSean Piccoli, Matthew Sedacca and Téa Kvetenadze contributed reporting. Kirsten Noyes contributed to the research.

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